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linux:minimodem
$ minimodem
E: *** Must specify {baudmode} (try "300") ***
usage: minimodem [--tx|--rx] [options] {baudmode}
                    -t, --tx, --transmit, --write
                    -r, --rx, --receive,  --read     (default)
                [options]
                    -a, --auto-carrier
                    -i, --inverted
                    -c, --confidence {min-confidence-threshold}
                    -l, --limit {max-confidence-search-limit}
                    -8, --ascii         ASCII  8-N-1
                    -7,                 ASCII  7-N-1
                    -5, --baudot        Baudot 5-N-1
                    -f, --file {filename.flac}
                    -b, --bandwidth {rx_bandwidth}
                    -v, --volume {amplitude or 'E'}
                    -M, --mark {mark_freq}
                    -S, --space {space_freq}
                    --startbits {n}
                    --stopbits {n.n}
                    --invert-start-stop
                    --sync-byte {0xXX}
                    -q, --quiet
                    -R, --samplerate {rate}
                    -V, --version
                    -A, --alsa[=plughw:X,Y]
                    --lut={tx_sin_table_len}
                    --float-samples
                    --rx-one
                    --benchmarks
                    --binary-output
                    --binary-raw {nbits}
                    --print-filter
                    --tx-carrier
                {baudmode}
            any_number_N       Bell-like      N bps --ascii
                    1200       Bell202     1200 bps --ascii
                     300       Bell103      300 bps --ascii
                    rtty       RTTY       45.45 bps --baudot --stopbits=1.5
                     tdd       TTY/TDD    45.45 bps --baudot --stopbits=2.0
                    same       NOAA SAME 520.83 bps --sync-byte=0xAB ...
                callerid       Bell202 CID 1200 bps
     uic{-train,-ground}       UIC-751-3 Train/Ground 600 bps
MINIMODEM(1)                                                              General Commands Manual                                                             MINIMODEM(1)

NAME
       minimodem - general-purpose software audio FSK modem

SYNOPSIS
       minimodem --tx [options] {baudmode}
       minimodem --rx [options] {baudmode}

DESCRIPTION
       Minimodem is a command-line program which decodes (or generates) audio modem tones at any specified baud rate, using various framing protocols.  It acts a general-
       purpose software FSK modem, and includes support for various standard FSK protocols such as Bell103, Bell202, RTTY, TTY/TDD, NOAA SAME, and Caller-ID.

       Minimodem can play and capture audio modem tones in real-time via the system audio device, or in batched mode via audio files.

       Minimodem can be used to transfer data between nearby computers using an audio cable (or just via sound waves), or between remote computers using radio, telephone,
       or another audio communications medium.

TX/RX MODE
       -t, --tx, --transmit, --write
              transmit mode: generate audio tones

       -r, --rx, --receive, --read
              receive mode: decode audio tones

{baudmode}
       The required {baudmode} parameter may be any floating-point value to specify a baud rate, or any of the special keywords listed below.  The {baudmode} also implies
       certain other parameter defaults depending on the rate, including standard (or at least reasonable) default mark and space tone frequencies.

       {any floating point value N}
              : Bell202-style at N bps --ascii

       1200   : Bell202 1200 bps --ascii

       300    : Bell103 300 bps --ascii

       rtty   : RTTY 45.45 bps --baudot --stopbits 1.5

       tdd    : TTY/TDD 45.45 bps --baudot --stopbits 2.0

       same   : SAME 520.83 bps --startbits 0 --stopbits 0 --sync-byte 0xAB
                   NOAA Specific Area Message Encoding (SAME) protocol

       callerid
              : Bell202 1200 bps Caller-ID (MDMF or SDMF) protocol

       uic-train
              : UIC-751-3 600 bps train-to-ground message protocol

       uic-ground
              : UIC-751-3 600 bps ground-to-train message protocol

OPTIONS
       -a, --auto-carrier
              Automatically detect mark and space frequences from carrier.

       -i, --inverted
              Invert the mark and space frequencies (applies whether the frequencies are defaults, discovered by --auto-carrier, or specified manually).

       -c, --confidence min-confidence-threshold
              Set receive confidence minimum threshold (default 1.5).  The "confidence" value is a metric based primarily on the SNR (signal-to-noise ratio)  of  the  re‐
              ceived  signal.  This value acts as an FSK decoder "squelch" control.  Increase to accept only very clean signals (up to INFINITY, but a value around 5.0 is
              more practical).  Decrease to accept partial decoding of noisy signals (down to a minimum value of 1.0).  (This option applies  to  --rx  mode  only).   -l,
              --limit  max-confidence-search-limit  Set  receive confidence maximum search limit (default 2.3).  The "confidence" value is as described above.  This value
              acts as a performance vs. analysis quality control.  Increase (up to INFINITY) for a more pedantic analysis and higher CPU usage.   Decrease  (down  to  the
              min-confidence-threshold) for a sloppier analysis, with lower CPU usage.  (This option applies to --rx mode only).

       -8, --ascii
              ASCII  8-N-1

       -5, --baudot
              Baudot 5-N-1.5

       -f, --file filename.wav
              encode or decode an audio file (extension sets audio format)

       -b, --bandwidth {rx_bandwidth}

       -v, --volume {tx_amplitude or 'E'}
              Sets  the  generated  signal  amplitude  (default  is  1.0).  As a special case useful for testing, the value 'E' sets the amplitude to the very small value
              FLT_EPSILON.  (This option applies to --tx mode only).

       -M, --mark {mark_freq}

       -S, --space {space_freq}

       --startbits {n}
              Sets the number of start bits (default is 1 for most baudmodes).

       --stopbits {n.n}
              Sets the number of stop bits (default is 1.0 for most baudmodes).

       --sync-byte {0xXX}
              If this option is used, initial carrier acquisition will be suppressed until after one or more consecutive data frame(s) containing this value are received.
              This can be used to synchronize the stream for protocols which include a fixed preamble byte.  (This option applies to --rx mode only).

       -q, --quiet
              Do not report CARRIER / NOCARRIER or signal analysis metrics.

       -R, --samplerate {rate}
              Set the audio sample rate (default rate is 48000 Hz).

       -A, --alsa[={plughw:X,Y | X,Y | X }]
              Use  ALSA as the audio output system instead of the default PulseAudio (depending on build configuration options).  The ALSA device alias "default" is used,
              if a specific device is not specified.  For example, the following options all select ALSA device #1, sub-device #0:
               --alsa=plughw:1,0  --alsa=1,0  -A1

       --lut={tx_sin_table_len}
              Minimodem uses a precomputed sine wave lookup table of 1024 elements, or the size specified here.  Use --lut=0 to disable the use of the  sine  wave  lookup
              table.  (This option applies to --tx mode only).

       --float-samples
              Generate  32-bit  floating-point format audio samples, instead of the default 16-bit signed integer format (applies to --tx mode only; --rx mode always uses
              32-bit floating-point).

       --rx-one
              Quit after the first carrier/no-carrier event (applies to --rx mode only).

       --binary-output
              Print received data bits as raw binary output using characters '0' and '1'.  The bits are printed in the order they are received.  Framing bits  (start  and
              stop bits) are omitted from the output.  (This option applies to --rx mode only).

       --binary-raw {nbits}
              Print  all  received  bits (data bits and any framing bits) as raw binary output using characters '0' and '1'.  Framing bits are not interpreted, but simply
              passed through to the output.  The bits are printed in the order they are received, in lines {nbits} wide.  So in order to display  a  standard  8-N-1  bit‐
              stream (8 databits + 1 start bit + 1 stop bit), use "--binary-raw 10"
               or a multiple of 10.  (This option applies to --rx mode only).

       --print-filter
              Filter the received text output, replacing any "non-printable" bytes with a '.' character.  (This option applies to --rx mode only).

       --tx-carrier
              When transmitting from a blocking source, keep a carrier going while waiting for more data.

       --benchmarks
              Run and report internal performance tests (all other flags are ignored).

       -V, --version
              print program version

EXAMPLES
       minimodem --tx 100
              Transmit 100 baud tones from one computer ...

       minimodem --rx 100
              and receive 100 baud tones on another nearby computer.

       minimodem --rx -a rtty
              Decode amateur radio RTTY signals (listen near 14.085 MHz).

       minimodem --rx same
              Decode NOAA SAME protocol emergency alert transmissions, e.g.
              <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Specific_Area_Message_Encoding>.

       minimodem --tx 0.5
              Experiment with very low baud rates (works in noisy conditions).

       minimodem --tx 12000
              Experiment with very high baud rates (works with audio files).

NOTES
       minimodem does not decode AX.25 framed packets.

       minimodem does not support modem control ("AT") commands, nor does it produce DTMF telephone dialing tones.

VERSION
       This page documents minimodem version 0.24.  The latest version is available at <http://www.whence.com/minimodem>.

AUTHOR
       minimodem was written by Kamal Mostafa <kamal@whence.com>.

COPYRIGHT
       Copyright © 2011-2016 by Kamal Mostafa <kamal@whence.com>.  License GPLv3+: GNU GPL version 3 or later <http://gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html>.
       This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it.  There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.

                                                                               June 10, 2013                                                                  MINIMODEM(1)

text → minimodem → snd_aloop → minimodem → text

text → minimodem → .wav file → fm transmitter → fm radio → mic → minimodem → text

binary → base64(text化) → minimodem → snd_aloop → minimodem → base64 text → base64 → binary

音でデータを届けたい(小江戸らぐ 4月のオフな集まり(第237回)で発表)

超音波

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linux/minimodem.txt · 最終更新: 2022/04/30 01:53 by matoken